Hair Replacement Surgery or Hair Transplantation can enhance your appearance and your self-confidence, but the results won’t necessarily match your ideal. It’s important to understand that all hair replacement techniques use your existing hair. The goal of surgery is to find the most efficient uses for existing hair.
Hair replacement candidates must have healthy hair growth at the back and sides of the head to serve as donor areas. Donor areas are the places on the head from which grafts and flaps are taken.
Transplant techniques, such as punch grafts, mini-grafts, micro-grafts, slit grafts, and strip grafts are generally performed on patients who desire a more modest change in hair fullness. Flaps, tissue expansion, and scalp reduction are procedures that are usually more appropriate for patients who desire a more dramatic change.
Hair replacement surgery, no matter what technique is used, is usually performed using a local anesthesia along with sedation to make you relaxed and comfortable. Your scalp will be insensitive to pain, but you may be aware of some tugging or pressure.
Microfollicular hair transplantation
Hair transplantation involves removing small pieces of hair-bearing scalp grafts from a donor site and relocating them to a bald or thinning area. Grafts differ by size and shape. Round-shaped punch grafts usually contain about 10-15 hairs. The much smaller mini-graft contains about two to four hairs; and the micro-graft, one to two hairs. Slit grafts, which are inserted into slits created in the scalp, contain about four to10 hairs each; strip grafts are long and thin and contain 30-40 hairs.
Generally, several surgical sessions may be needed to achieve satisfactory fullness and a healing interval of several months is usually recommended between each session. It may take up to two years before you see the final result with a full transplant series.
FUE hair transplant (Follicular Unit Extraction)
FUE hair transplants or follicular unit extraction procedures are another alternatives for hair restoration surgery. With FUE hair transplants, instead of the whole strip of hair bearing skin small grafts are extracted. A special surgical instrument small enough to extract one single follicular unit at a time is used in this technique. The results are the same natural results as a normal strip procedure, but with very little bleeding, no visible scar formation and less recovery time for patients.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is ideal for patients who wish to wear their hair very short or are afraid of surgery.
Advantages of FUE hair transplant:
Having an FUE procedure has its advantages as it is more comfortable during the healing period, and activities can be resumed in less time. Complete healing from a follicular unit extraction procedure is about 5 to 7 days, compared to two weeks for the traditional hair transplant.
Disadvantages of FUE hair transplant:
One of the major disadvantages of FUE procedure is that it is time-consuming, and a limited number of follicular units can be harvested in the donor area per session. That is not the case with a normal strip hair transplant where we can take as much as 5,000 grafts per session. For FUE hair transplants, the average amount of grafts extracted in a single day may vary from 800 to 1,500. If more grafts are needed, the use of more than one session is suggested.
PUNCH HAIR MATIC ®
It is the third generation of hair transplantation device, developed only for Follicular Unit Extraction technique (F.U.E) with precise micro grafting surgery.
The PUNCH HAIR MATIC is a patented robot using micro-instruments to remove follicular units, which makes surgery simpler, faster, and less debilitating for the patient, with more convincing aesthetic results.
The hairs are taken — one, two or even three at a time, depending on the size of punches chosen — are immediately sucked up into a sterile catheter and transferred to a small hand-piece that pushes the hair into a small reception orifice (also called recipient site ) by simple pressure.
A complete session of 700 grafts can be performed by one doctor with one assistant in two hours only.